Almancil (or Almansil) is a Portuguese parish of the county of Loulé, Located on the coast.
The occupation of the territory that today constitutes the Parish of Almancil will go back to the Paleolithic, having been collected some archaeological vestiges dating from that time. Nevertheless, the most important archaeological remains identified in the parish date from the Roman period, being recognized vestiges of this time in places like São João of the Sale, Ludo and Quinta do Lago, the latter also occupying the Islamic period.
In the eighteenth century, the reconstruction of the Hermitage of St. Lawrence, then ruined, in fulfillment of a promise made to the saint by the population and with the help of alms from the faithful, brought new impetus to the religious life of the community. The temple, which almost did not suffer from the earthquake of 1755, becomes one of the most important in the region. A large number of faithful flock to this church on August 10, the feast day of Saint Lawrence. This is a church notable especially for the tile coating, which portrays the life of the saint in eight figurative panels that line the walls. The dome, totally lined with tiles by Policarpo de Oliveira Bernardes, is unique in Portugal. The building was declared Property of Public Interest in 1946.
The natural landscape slope of the parish can not be neglected either – the western part of the Ria Formosa Natural Park, a site of great botanical value and natural habitat of rare ornithological species, is located here. The coastal area, about 12 km, where the famous beaches of Ancão, Quinta do Lago, Garrão and Vale do Lobo are located, is also one of the attractions of this parish. Currently several internationally renowned tourism ventures are located here and some of its golf courses are considered among the best in the world.
Heritage to visit:
Hermitage of São João da Venda
Church of São Lourenço de Almancil